In the Peruvian Amazon, Indigenous peoples are the last stronghold of resistance against the destructive advancement of extractive and agribusiness projects. Indigenous communities are the group most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Left largely alone in this struggle to confront climate-damaging public policies and private initiatives, they face increasing threats, attacks, and repression for their work as guardians of the territory

This case study follows the story of two Indigenous communities taking collective action against external threats, the Mashco Piro peoples, a group in isolation, and the Wampis Nation, a community in the North of the Peruvian Amazon.

Governments and policymakers must recognize and protect the role of Indigenous peoples when adopting policies to respond to global environmental challenges, such as climate change, and particularly the role of Amazonian Indigenous communities. Indigenous organizations should receive support to strengthen their capacities and continue their work as defenders of the Amazon.

Photo Credit: Piero Meza