This paper was prepared by ERI in collaboration with the University of Virginia International Human Rights Law Clinic and submitted to the United Nations Special Representative to the Secretary General (SRSG) on Human Rights and Transnational Corporations and other Business Enterprises. It grew out of EarthRights International’s support for the United Nations Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights (the Norms).